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American Serama Standard and In-cage Judging

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Parent Category: General Category: SCNA Articles
American Serama Standard and In-cage Judging
 
The American Serama Standard is referred to when discussing America Bantam Association (ABA) or American Poultry Association (APA) in-cage judging.  ABA/APA requires type, weight and color standards for every breed being exhibited in order to receive ABA/APA points at their sponsored events.  The Serama Council of North America (SCNA) was the driving force of the American Serama Standard toward ABA/APA acceptance since the original Serama importation in 2001.  When the SCNA delivered the American Serama Standard for ABA/APA approval and acceptance, the ownership of the American Serama Standard written by the members of SCNA was awarded to those entities.
 
The SCNA continues to promote and petition breeders to breed American Serama matching type, weight, and color standards as accepted by the ABA/APA.
 
American Serama Standard for In-cage ABA/APA
 
Country of Origin: Malaysia & America
American Status: Fairly Common
Weight Cock 16 oz - Hen 14 oz
Cockerel 14 oz - Pullet 12 oz
 

Shape Of Male

Comb: Single, medium, set firmly and evenly on head, straight and upright, evenly serrated with five regular and distinct points, the middle points the same length as the width of the blade, moderately arched, blade should extend well over back of head.
Beak: Strong, stout, well curved.
Face: small, rounded, smooth, fine in texture, free from wrinkle or folds.
Eyes: Round, conspicuous.
Wattles: Medium, round, fine in texture, free from wrinkles or folds.
Ear Lobes: Small, oval, fitting closely to head.
Head: Small, carried well back in proud manner.
Neck: Medium length, backward arched showing off breast, full, tapering gracefully from shoulders to head.
Hackle: Abundant, flowing naturally from front of neck reaching far back covering both shoulders.
Back: short, broad, in profile, shaped like a V with neck and tail forming the vertical sides.
Tail Coverts & Saddle: Slightly curved, sword shaped hanging over the abdomen and covering back, widely spread, overlapping the tail and lesser sickles.
Tail: Moderately large and upright, carried in an upright position so as to almost contact the back of head.
Main Tail: Feathers wide, moderately spread in a neatly overlapping manner, rising above the head, 'A' shaped from the rear view.
Main Sickles: Medium to long, strong, firm, broad sword-shaped slightly curved.
Lesser Sickles: Well spread, medium length slightly upright, sword-shaped sickle feathers covered with coverts.
Coverts: Abundant, becoming very broad, flowing well up tail.
Wings: Large, long, closely folded, carried vertically not quite touching the ground, Shoulders and Fronts: Prominent, slightly concealed by hackle.
Bows: Well rounded.
Coverts: Feathers broad, forming two distinct bars across wings.
Primaries: Moderate width, rather long, completely concealed by secondaries.
Secondaries: Broad, tapering convexly to rear, wing bay well exposed.
Breast: Highly lifted, well developed, full, carried prominently forward beyond vertical line drawn from point of beak, broad and well rounded, from head to neck to breast 'S' shaped profile.
Body & Stern: Body- short, good depth and width, sloping from front to rear. Stern: Fluff, short, abundant.
Legs & Toes: Legs- average length, widely set, parallel to each other without bowing or knock knees, well proportioned.
Lower Thighs: Short, stout at top and tapering to hocks.
Shanks: Medium, smooth, round, evenly scaled.
Toes: Four, straight, well and evenly spread, evenly scaled.
Appearance: Small, broad, compact, active, tame, standing up majestically.
 
 
Shape Of Female
 
Comb: Single, small, set firmly and evenly on head, straight and upright, evenly serrated with five regular and distinct points, the middle points the same length as the width of the blade, moderately arched, blade should extend well over back of head.
Beak: Strong, stout, well curved.
Face: small, rounded, smooth, fine in texture, free from wrinkle or folds.
Eyes: Round, conspicuous.
Wattles: Small, round, fine in texture, free from wrinkles or folds.
Ear Lobes: Small, oval, fitting closely to head.
Head: Small, carried well back in proud manner.
Neck: Medium length, backward arched showing off breast, full, tapering gracefully from shoulders to head.
Hackle: Abundant, flowing naturally from front of neck reaching far back covering both shoulders.
Back: Short, broad, in profile, shaped like a V with neck and tail forming the vertical sides.
Cushion: Short, feathers broad and plentiful.
Tail: Moderately large and upright, carried in an upright position so as to almost contact the back of head.
Main Tail: Feathers wide, moderately spread in a neatly overlapping manner, rising above the head 'A' shaped from the rear view.
Coverts: Abundant, becoming very broad, flowing well up tail.
Wings: Large, long, closely folded, carried vertically not quite touching the ground, Shoulders and Fronts: Prominent, slightly concealed by hackle.
Bows: Well rounded.
Coverts: Feathers broad, forming two distinct bars across wings.
Primaries: Moderate width, rather long, completely concealed by secondaries.
Secondaries: Broad, tapering convexly to rear, wing bay well exposed.
Breast: Highly lifted, well developed, full, carried prominently forward beyond vertical line drawn from point of beak, broad and well rounded, from head to neck to breast 'S' shaped profile.
Body & Stern: Body- short, good depth and width, sloping from front to rear. Stern: Fluff, short, abundant.
Legs & Toes: Legs- average length, widely set, parallel to each other without bowing or knock knees, well proportioned.
Lower Thighs: Short, stout at top and tapering to hocks.
Shanks: Medium, smooth, round, evenly scaled.
Toes: Four, straight, well and evenly spread, evenly scaled.
Appearance: Small, broad, compact, active, tame, standing up majestically
 
 
Disqualifications

 

Comb: Comb foreign to the breed
Single comb falling below the horizontal plane on level with top of head.
Single comb with side sprig. Split comb.
Inverted Comb
Legs: Creeper Legs
Tail: Wry Tail
Wings: Horizontal Wing
Plumage Any specimen having twisted feathers, particularly in hackle, back, wing bows and male sickles. Feather trimming of any type will be considered a disqualification.

Defects

Comb: Thumb Marks. Large combs
Wattles: Large wattles. Wattles with wrinkles or folds
Head: Narrow head, crow head
Back: Long or narrow back
Chest/Breast: Shallow or narrow breast
Legs: Short Legs
Tail: Main tail sickles curved in a concave manner

Color of Male and Female for In Coop Judging
American Serama ABA/APA Accepted Colors for In Coop judging only.  American Standard description applies. As of January 1, 2014 only the white Serama have been accepted. Applications have been submitted to APA/ABA to also recognize: Wheaten, Exchequer, and Black seramas but this has not yet been approved.

Color of Male and Female for Table-Top (TT) Judging
All Variety (AV) American Serama
COMB, FACE, WATTLES, EAR LOBES, BEAK, EYES, SHANKS & TOES: No color requirement
PLUMAGE: No color requirement



Below are the Standard ABA Disqualifications, it is important to understand and apply them to all Seramas, along with those appearing in our Standard so that when it is time to qualify the next color variety they will already have been dealt with.

DISQUALIFICATIONS, BANTAM CHICKENS ONLY
In the event that any of the defects described hereinafter are found to exist, it shall be the duty of the judge to disqualify the bantam involved and state the nature of the disqualification on the indemnifying coop card, although it must be understood that under all disqualifying clauses, the bantam shall have the benefit of the doubt.
General
Since shape makes the breed and color makes the variety, any bantam lacking in shape shall be eliminated from competition.
Any bantam showing symptom of contagious or transmissible disease. Such a specimen does not have to be handled by the judge and shall be removed from the premises.
Faking in any manner.
See also the particular breed and/or variety for disqualifications peculiar to that breed or variety.
Shape
COMB: Comb foreign to the breed.
Lopped comb of all single-combed females.
Single comb falling below the horizontal plane on level with top of head.
Single comb females in non-lopped breeds in or near egg production with
slightly lopped combs should not be disqualified.
Single comb with side sprig. Split comb.
CREST: Presence of crest in non-crested breeds.
BEAK: Any deformity of upper or lower mandible.
EYES: Blind in both eyes. Irregular pupil indicating bird is affected with leukosis (Marek's Disease).
MUFFS & BEARD: Presence of muffs and beard in non-bearded variety.
BACK: Crooked or deformed.
TAIL: Permanent absence of all main tail feathers except in rumples varieties. Split tail in cock or hen. Squirrel tail except in Japanese and Serama. Twisted main tail feather except in Frizzle. Twisted sickles except in Frizzle. Wry tail.
WINGS: Clipped primaries or secondaries except in bantam ducks. Slipped wing. Twisted primaries or secondaries except in Frizzle. Split wing.
SHANKS & TOES: Bow leg. Bare outer toe on all breeds of feather legged bantams. Duck foot. Malformation of foot and/or foot joint. Knock knees. More or less than four toes on four toed breeds. Shanks not feathered down outer sides on feather legged breeds. Web foot. Vulture hocks on all feather legged breeds. In all clean legged breeds, the unmistakable evidence of, or the removal of, any feather, stub or feather like growth.
SPURS: Absence of any semblance of spurs on the male of any breed of bantam.
PLUMAGE: Hen feathering in male of any breed. Any specimen having twisted feathers, particularly in hackle, back, wing bows and male sickles other than in Frizzle.
BODY: Any abnormal mass or swollen tissue or tumor.

Weights: In judging, preference is to be given to a bantam that is nearest to the standard weight, at or below the standard weight specified. Excessively small specimens shall not be given preference over one of equal quality that is nearer but at or below the standard weight requirement. Any Bantam that is accurately and openly weighed, using accurate scales, and weighs 20% more or 20% less than its standard shall be disqualified.

Disqualifications (Color)
FACE: Absolute white in any male or female of any breed of bantams where red ear lobes are set as standard.
EAR LOBES: Absolute enamel white in all breeds where red is a standard requirement.
SHANKS & TOES: Any color other than that described for the breed or variety. No discrimination is to be made for slight reddish pigment in yellow shanked varieties. Solid black legs in yellow legged blacks, barreds or blues.
PLUMAGE: See individual color pattern descriptions for disqualifications.

 

American Serama Standard Drawings as presented to ABA

American Serama Hen Cock Standard Drawing

 

Judging Instructions

In posing the American Serama one should use either one's hand or judging stick to slowly move the head backwards so the eye lines up with the leg. In doing so the back of the comb will come in contact with the two main sickles on a male or the top two tail feathers on a female.

Once the eye is in line with the leg one should notice that the large wings are downward sloping or vertical as called for in the American Serama Standard.

Also the breast is thrust upright and the American Serama is posed in an upright manner.

When posed thus one can clearly see the breed characteristics that make up the breed; namely the moderately large upright tail, large downward sloping to vertical wings and upright breast.

One should always keep in mind that this is an upright breed unlike so many breeds developed in America that are horizontal in shape.

COLOR VARIETY DESCRIPTIONS

White (recognized): 

COMB,FACE,WATTLES AND EAR LOBES: Bright red. BEAK: Yellow, EYES: Reddish bay. SHANKS & TOES: Yellow.

PLUMAGE: Refer to white color description, ABA Bantam Standard

 
Black :

COMB, FACE, WATTLES and EAR LOBES: Deep Red
BEAK: Black shading over yellow
EYES: Reddish-bay
SHANKS & TOES: Black shading over yellow
PLUMAGE: Male & Female - The quill and surface of every feather in all sections of the
plumage, over the entire body, pure black. The head, hackle, back, saddle, sickles
and wing bows of the male should have a rich beetle green sheen. The female should
also show some brilliance of feather in the head, hackle, back, cushion and wing
bows.
UNDERCOLOR: Dull slate

Exchequer: 

COMB, FACE, WATTLES and EAR LOBES: Deep Red
BEAK: Black shading over yellow
EYES: Reddish-bay
SHANKS & TOES: Black shading over yellow
PLUMAGE: Male & Female – Black and white, evenly distributed The white color on the surface in the form of a wide blob as distinct from v-shaped ticking. Wings and Tail, white and black evenly distributed. The black feathers of the hackle, back, saddle, sickles and wing bows of the male should have a rich beetle green sheen. The black feathers of the female should also show some brilliance of feather in the head, hackle, back, cushion and wing bows.
UNDERCOLOR: Black & White
DEFECT: V shaped ticking on black feathers

Wheaten:

 MALE
COMB, FACE, WATTLES AND EAR LOBES: Deep red.
BEAK: Yellow.
EYES: Reddish bay.
SHANKS & TOES: Yellow.
PLUMAGE:
HEAD: Light Orange, free from dark feathers.
NECK: Hackles - light orange, free from dark feathers.
Front of Neck - black
BACK: Lustrous, bright red.
Saddle - lustrous, red orange, free from dark feathers.
TAIL: Main Tail - black with lustrous greenish gloss
Lesser Sickles - lustrous, greenish black with reddish cast is shafting.
WINGS: Fronts - black
Shoulders and Bows - bright reddish bay
Coverts - lustrous, bluish-black, forming wing bar.
Primaries - black, lower webs, edging with bay.
Secondaries - dull black, bay on outer web of surface to form wing bay of same color.
BREAST: Black with green luster.
BODY AND STERN: Black
UNDERCOLOR OF ALL SECTIONS: Light slate. Very light in hackle and saddle.
FEMALE
COMB, FACE, WATTLES AND EAR LOBES: Deep red.
BEAK: Yellow.
EYES: Reddish bay.
SHANK AND TOES; Yellow.
HEAD: Rich Wheaten
NECK: Lustrous, medium shade of wheaten
Front of Neck - creamy wheaten
BACK: Creamy wheaten
TAIL: Two top main tail feathers rich wheaten, slightly stippled with black. Balance of main tail feather dull black, outer web, slightly edged with wheaten.
WINGS: Fronts, Bows and Coverts - light creamy wheaten.
Primaries - outer web, medium shade of wheaten
Inner web - ashy wheaten stippled with brownish black.
Secondaries - outer web, wheaten, inner web, ashy wheaten shaded with
Brownish black
BREAST: Creamy wheaten
UNDERCOLOR: sections vary from light cinnamon to light slate.

Blue: 

COMB, FACE, WATTLES AND EAR LOBES: Deep red.
BEAK, SHANK & TOES : Blue Over Yellow (Swarty)
EYES: Reddish bay.
PLUMAGE:
MALES
HEAD: Glossy Blue
NECK: Hackle - an even shade of clear bluish slate, distinctly laced with glossy black.
Front of Neck - - Same as breast
BACK: Back and Saddle -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with glossy black.
TAIL: Main Tail. Main and Lesser Sickles, Coverts -- An even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with glossy black.
WINGS:
FRONT AND BOWS: -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with glossy black.
COVERTS -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather having a sharply defined lacing of black.
PRIMARIES-- an even shade of bluish slate,
SECONDARIES -- lower webs, an even shade of clear bluish slate; upper webs, clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with black.
BREAST: An even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather having a sharply lacing of black.
BODY and FLUFF:
Body -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather having a sharply defined lacing of black.
Fluff -- clear bluish slate, laced with black.
LEGS:
Lower Thighs -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather having a sharply defined lacing of black
UNDERCOLOR OF ALL SECTIONS: Bluish slate.
FEMALES
HEAD: Bluish slate.
NECK: Hackle -- an even shade of clear bluish slate. Distinctly laced with black.
Front of Neck -- same as breast.
BACK: An even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather laced with black.
TAIL: Main Tail and Coverts -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather laced with black.
WINGS: Fronts, Bows and Coverts -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather having a sharply defined lacing of black.
Primaries -- an even shade of clear bluish slate.
Secondaries -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, distinct ly laced with black.
BREAST: an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with black.
BODY AND FLUFF:
Body -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with black.
Fluff -- an even shade of clear bluish slate, laced with black.
LEGS: Lower Thighs -- clear bluish slate, each feather distinctly laced with black.
UNDERCOLOR OF ALL SECTIONS: Bluish slate.
APPLIES TO: All blue varieties.
Note -- All Blue varieties are considered parti-colored except self blue.
Note -- Blue Fowl, actually of a bluish slate color genetically are black fowl in which the black pigment granules are modified in shape and distribution on the surface of the feather, creating a dilution of black and causing the characteristic bluish slate color. This condition is the hybrid expression of two hereditary color factors, black and a form of white (usually with some splashing), neither of which
is dominate over the other, but which are blending in character. Blue to blue will produce offspring one-half blue, the other half evenly divided in black and splashed whites and blue to black, and blue to splashed will produce the parent types equally, while black to splash will produce all blues.

Splash:

 COLOR OF MALE AND FEMALE
PLUMAGE: Slaty blue and white that has a faint bluish gray tinge. Blue in feathers in the form of large irregular shaped blobs as distinct from V-shaped ticking. Main tail feathers and primary wing feathers with a lesser amount of blue than the rest of the plumage.
UNDERCOLOR: Slaty blue and sooty white, evenly distributed.
EYES: Reddish Bay
BEAK & LEGS: Green Shading (Willow) over Yellow
LOBES; Red
DISQUALIFICATIONS:
Any appearance of rust in plumage - More than 50 percent blue in plumage.

Thursday the 29th. The Definitive Voice of the Serama in North America
Copyright 2012

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By SCNA